The post explains “Chauri Chaura incident 1922 short note. Causes of Chauri Chaura incident. Effects of Chauri Chaura incident. Importance of Chauri Chaura incident.”
Chauri Chaura Incident
Muslims of India had launched Khilafat Movement in 1919, to halt the disintegration of Ottoman Empire and no harm to be done to the Khalifa. Gandhi in 1920 launched his Noncooperation Movement to force the war torn British Empire to come to his terms and get Sawaraj, self-rule. In order to get maximum result both Khilafat Movement and Noncooperation Movement were brought together. By 1922, majority of the Khilafat Movement leaders were in jail and Gandhi alone was leading both the Khilafat Movement and Noncooperation Movement.
As both the movements seemed fruitless, Gandhi intended to launch his Civil Disobedience Movement in early 1922. Under this movement all the Indians were asked not to pay government taxes and revenues.
On 4th February 1922, people of Chauri Chaura, a small town of Farakhabad district, demonstrated a procession and refused to pay government taxes. The police tried to disperse the procession which infuriated the people. The hostile mob set fire to the police station where twenty two policemen were burnt alive.
Causes of Chauri Chaura Incident
In order to compensate its war waging cost that incurred on British Government during World War I, the government levied heavy taxes on the people of India. This highly disappointed and infuriated the people who had already paid its cost during the War with their blood.
Another major cause of the Chauri Chaura incident was the detention of Indians on mere charges. The government had adopted Rowlatt Act 1919, which had imposed very strict rules on Indian people. An estimated 35,000 people were in jail by that time. All these misconducts had fed-up the people of India.
The government had arrested all prominent Muslim and Hindu leaders. The ultimate output of this step was, no prominent leader was present at the time of the incident that could stop the infuriated procession from taking this severe step.
Another great reason was, the day to day dealing of the government with the people was immoral and unethical. This had created a wide gap and mistrust between the people and the government.
Effects of Chauri Chaura Incident
The immediate effect of the Chauri Chaura incident was, it lead to the death of three civilians and twenty two policemen.
Another devastating impact of the Chauri Chaura incident was the untimely ending of both the Khilafat and Noncooperation Movement. Gandhi in frustration called the end of Noncooperation Movement which also brought an end to the Khilafat Movement.
All the efforts and hardship that Muslims and Hindus had beard during Khilafat and Noncooperation Movement proved fruitless after the Chauri Chaura incident.
The call off Non-cooperation Movement by Gandhi further divided nationalists into “pro-changers” and “no-changers”.
Importance of Chauri Chaura Incident
Before the Chauri Chaura incident the British Raj of India had no idea how much the Indian people are adhered to their cause. The incident revealed on the government the severity of political turmoil in the country.
The unfortunate incident of Chauri Chaura finally forced the British Government of India to call upon the political leaders of India and discuss their demands or at least listen to them.
The government also realized its blunder of unlawful detention of Indians and political leaders. To bring situation to normal in the country, the government began releasing political prisoners gradually.